The People Living With HIV Stigma Index: South Africa 2014. 5/2015

Published by STIGMAINDEX

INTRODUCTION

What is stigma and discrimination?

Stigma and discrimination towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) are widely recognized as barriers to prevention, the provision of adequate health care, adequate psychological and social support, and appropriate medical treatments in South Africa. Stigma refers to the process of devaluing or discrediting individuals in the eyes of others.

Different types of stigma have been identified, such as: external stigma; internalized stigma; anticipated stigma and “courtesy stigma”.

Stigma cannot be understood without considering the following factors: poverty, gender - based violence, social inequality, local norms and attitudes.

Discrimination, follows stigma, and is the unfair and unjust treatment of an individual based on his or her real or perceived HIV status. 

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